We started in Akhaltsikhe. After breakfast we had a guided excursion to Rabat fortress, which included Sargis Jakeli castle of 14th c., Fortress Church (late Middle Ages), an 18th century Palace and the Church of Saint Marine (1865) with built-in relief works. Next, we headed to Vardzia cave monastery and town established in 12 c. during the reign of King George III and his daughter Queen Tamar. As Javakheti was a barrier separating the rest of Georgia from Muslim world and was often attacked by enemies, thus a massive complex was built for defensive as well as monastic purposes. Along the River Mtkvari there were several historical and architectural monuments. After the Georgian-Armenian border, we changed transport and guides. We then moved to Gyumri, the second biggest city in Armenia. We walked through its historical center (Alexandropol) that has many traditional 19th-century houses and visited a museum located in one of them.